Quantum Computation & Cryptography at Los Alamos
Saturday, August 04 2012 @ 08:11 AM CDT
Contributed by: News
The idea of quantum computation and cryptography is to use the laws of quantum mechanics for either computing or exchange secrets messages. Using quantum mechanics instead of classical mechanics has huge advantages but also some drawbacks. Quantum mechanics makes the applications much more powerful but at the same time much more fragile against noise. To learn more about this browse around!
Quantum error correction is required to compensate for the fragility of the state of a quantum computer. We report the first experimental implementations of quantum error correction and confirm the expected state stabilization. A precise study of the decay behavior is studied in alanine and a full implemetation of error correction protocol is implemented in trichloroethylene. In NMR computing, however, a net improvement in the signal-to-noise would require very high polarization. The experiment implemented the 3-bit code for phase errors in liquid state state NMR.
Quantum mechanics provides spectacular new information processing abilities. One of the most unexpected is a procedure called quantum teleportation suggested by Bennet et al (Quantum Teleportation). that allows the quantum state of a system to be transported from one location to another, without moving through the intervening space. We have implemented the full quantum teleportation operation over inter-atomic distances using liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The inclusion of the final stage enables for the first time a teleportation implementation which may be used as a subroutine in larger quantum computations, or for quantum communication. Our experiment also demonstrates the use of quantum process tomography , a procedure to completely characterize the dynamics of a quantum system. Finally, we demonstrate a controlled exploitation of decoherence as a tool to assist in the performance of an experiment. This and more work done at Los Alamos on Quantum Computation Seen around 1995 to 1998?
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